AskDefine | Define strategic

Dictionary Definition

strategic adj
1 relating to or concerned with strategy; "strategic weapon"; "the islands are of strategic importance"; "strategic considerations" [syn: strategical]
2 highly important to or an integral part of a strategy or plan of action especially in war; "a strategic chess move"; "strategic withdrawal"; "strategic bombing missions"

User Contributed Dictionary



From Ancient Greek στρατηγικός (strategikos) "of or for a general", also "a treatise on strategy", from στρατηγός (strategos) "the leader or commander of an army, a general", from στρατός (stratos) "army" + άγω (ago) "to lead, to conduct".



  1. of or pertaining to strategy


of or pertaining to strategy

Extensive Definition

A Strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal, most often "winning." Strategy is differentiated from tactics or immediate actions with resources at hand by its nature of being extensively premeditated, and often practically rehearsed. Strategies are used to make the problem easier to understand and solve.
The word derives from the Greek word stratēgos, which derives from two words: stratos (army) and ago (ancient Greek for leading). Stratēgos referred to a 'military commander' during the age of Athenian Democracy.


Strategy is about choice, which affects outcomes. Organizations can often survive -- indeed do well -- for periods of time in conditions of relative stability, low environmental turbulence and little competition for resources. Virtually none of these conditions prevail in the modern world for great lengths of time for any organization or sector, public or private. Hence, the rationale for strategic management. The nature of the strategy adopted and implemented emerges from a combination of the structure of the organization (loosely coupled or tightly coupled), the type of resources available and the nature of the coupling it has with environment and the strategic objective being pursued. Strategy is adaptable by nature rather than rigid set of instructions. In some situations it takes the nature of emergent strategy. The simplest explanation of this is the analogy of a sports scenario. If a football team were to organize a plan in which the ball is passed in a particular sequence between specifically positioned players, their success is dependent on each of those players both being present at the exact location, and remembering exactly when, from whom and to whom the ball is to be passed; moreover that no interruption to the sequence occurs. By comparison, if the team were to simplify this plan to a strategy where the ball is passed in the pattern alone, between any of the team, and at any area on the field, then their vulnerability to variables is greatly reduced, and the opportunity to operate in that manner occurs far more often. This manner is a strategy. In the field of business administration it is possible mention to the "strategic consistency." According to Arieu (2007), "there is strategic consistency when the actions of an organization are consistent with the expectations of management, and these in turn are with the market and the context."

Noted texts on strategy

Classic texts such as Sun Tzu's The Art of War, written in China 2,500 years ago, the political strategy of Machiavelli who wrote The Prince in 1513, or German military strategists such as Clausewitz in the nineteenth century, are still well known and highly influential. Today, we acknowledge the profound influence of John Boyd (military strategist), though he tends only to be known by the military and students of modern strategic theory. In the twentieth century, the subject of strategic management has been particularly applied to organisations, most typically to business firms and corporations.
The nature of historic texts differs greatly from area to area, and given the nature of strategy itself, there are some potential parallels between various forms of strategy (noting, for example, the popularity of the Art of War as a business book). Each domain generally has its own foundational texts, as well as more recent contributions to new applications of strategy. Some of these are:


External links

strategic in Arabic: استراتيجية
strategic in Catalan: Estratègia
strategic in Czech: Strategie
strategic in Danish: Strategi
strategic in German: Strategie
strategic in Modern Greek (1453-): Στρατηγική
strategic in Esperanto: Strategio
strategic in Basque: Estrategia
strategic in Persian: راهبرد
strategic in French: Stratégie
strategic in Croatian: Strategija
strategic in Indonesian: Strategi
strategic in Italian: Strategia
strategic in Hebrew: אסטרטגיה (מדע המדינה)
strategic in Lithuanian: Strategija
strategic in Hungarian: Stratégia
strategic in Dutch: Strategie
strategic in Japanese: 戦略
strategic in Norwegian: Strategi
strategic in Polish: Strategia_organizacji
strategic in Portuguese: Estratégia
strategic in Russian: Стратегия
strategic in Simple English: Strategy
strategic in Slovak: Stratégia
strategic in Slovenian: Strategija
strategic in Serbian: Стратегија
strategic in Finnish: Strategia
strategic in Swedish: Strategi
strategic in Turkish: Strateji
strategic in Ukrainian: Стратегія
strategic in Chinese: 戰略

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